Understanding Skin Elasticity and Structure


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As you age, your skin’s dermis becomes thinner and less elastic. The dermis is the middle layer of skin where most of the collagen is located. The thicker the dermis, the more resilient the skin.

Thicker, younger skin readily snaps back to its original shape when pulled, but as you age the skin’s ability to snap back diminishes. Our bodies curtail collagen production by 1 percent each year after age 20.

To protect your skin, avoid the sun’s ultraviolet rays, first and second hand smoke, and other external risks.

 

The Skin’s Basic Elastic Structure

The primary layers of the skin are the epidermis, dermis, and subcutis (or hyperdermis). Collagen fibers make up 70 percent of the dermis, providing its strength and durability.

The proteoglycans maintain your skin’s hydration and the thick texture, while elastin ensures flexibility and elasticity. It incorporates 2 distinct layers: the papillary, the thin top layer, and the reticular layer, which is thicker and below the papillary.

The papillary layer maintains collagen fibers that are thin and organized in a loose configuration. The reticular dermis contains thicker rows of collagen. Collagen is a protein molecule, derived from amino acids vital in skin maintenance, and it keeps the skin from sagging and forming wrinkles.

 

Types of Facial Rejuvenation

Those interested in restoring a youthful look to their skin have more options available than ever before. Minimally-invasive facial skin rejuvenation procedures include:

  • Chemical Peels
  • Botox Injections
  • Micro-dermabrasions
  • Laser Therapies
  • Facial Fillers

Invasive plastic surgery procedures include:

  • Dermabrasion
  • Facelift
  • Necklift
  • Eyelid Surgery

Facial soft fillers are materials that are absorbed by the human body after a length of time. The FDA has approved the following soft fillers: collagen, hyaluronic acid, calcium hydroxylapatite, and poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA).

As you age, you can maintain collagen production in several ways. Consuming foods high in phytoestrogens helps maintain estrogen levels critical for collagen production. Adding more vitamin C, gelatin, and green tea, which contains catechins, into your diet are all natural ways of improving your body’s collagen production.


Sources:

FDA, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, “Soft Tissue Fillers (Dermal Fillers)” 

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